Table 1

Characteristics of Home Care Patients

Patient CharacteristicsAll Patients (n = 11,840), No. (%)History of After-Hours Care Use (n = 2,550), No. (%)No History of After-Hours Care Use (n = 9,290), No. (%)
Demographics
Age, median (IQR), y77 (65-86)77 (66-87)76 (64-85)
Sex, female6,048 (51)1,356 (53)4,692 (51)
Living alone4,432 (37)886 (35)3,546 (38)
Health
ADL impairmenta
 Independent/Supervision6,345 (54)1,208 (47)5,137 (55)
 Limited/Extensive3,624 (31)774 (30)2,850 (31)
 Maximal/Dependent1,871 (16)568 (22)1,303 (14)
Cognitive impairmentb
 Intact/Borderline intact5,438 (46)1,117 (44)4,321 (47)
 Mild/Moderate5,687 (48)1,213 (48)4,474 (48)
 Severe715 (6)220 (9)495 (5)
Frailty indexc
 Robust (0-0.19)2,420 (20)450 (18)1,970 (21)
 Pre-frail (0.2-0.29)3,106 (26)593 (23)2,513 (27)
 Frail (≥0.3)6,314 (53)1,507 (59)4,807 (52)
Depressive symptoms6,615 (56)1,477 (58)5,138 (55)
Aggressive behaviors1,144 (10)276 (11)868 (9)
Fall in last 90 days4,823 (41)1,008 (40)3,815 (41)
Bladder incontinence4,147 (35)1,009 (40)3,138 (34)
Current medications (≥5)10,399 (88)2,265 (89)8,134 (88)
Dementia1,832 (15)445 (17)1,387 (15)
Clinical need indicators
Wound care5,338 (45)1,177 (46)4,161 (45)
Intravenous medications1,116 (9)206 (8)910 (10)
Indwelling urinary catheter2,029 (17)422 (17)1,607 (17)
Congestive heart failure2,262 (19)498 (20)1,764 (19)
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease3,096 (26)652 (26)2,444 (26)
  • ADL = activities of daily living; IQR = interquartile range.

  • a ADL Hierarchy Scale: Includes personal hygiene, locomotion, eating, and toileting.

  • b Cognitive performance scale

  • c Scores on the frailty index range from 0 to 1, where 0 represents no health deficits and 1 represents all possible health deficits.