Table 1.

Core Attributes of Primary Care, Definitions, and Examples

AttributeDefinitionExamples of AHRQ Resources to Guide Research
Person and family centerednessPerson and family centeredness entails caring for people in the context of their lived family, social, and community experiences. It refers to being “respectful of and responsive to individual patient preferences, needs and values.”3,6Chartbook on Person- and Family-Centered Care7
Community centerednessPrimary care practices should play an integral role in improving and promoting the health of the communities they serve by engaging with community organizations with a shared mission.Clinical-Community Relationships Measures Atlas8
Primary care centerednessPrimary care is the foundation for all other health care. All individuals would have access to and receive comprehensive, longitudinal, and coordinated, high-quality primary care.Redefining Primary Care for the 21st Century9
Advancing health equityPrimary care has a critical role in eliminating pervasive, structural, and long-standing inequities in access, quality, and outcomes of care.A Call to Action to Achieve Health Equity10
Digital health solutionsOngoing advancements in health information technology and the development of digital health solutions designed specifically to support primary care.AHRQ’s Digital Solutions to Support Care Transitions Challenge11
Aligning paymentFundamental transformation of primary care is not possible without equally fundamental changes in the allocation of resources to primary care.New Models of Primary Care
Workforce and Financing
Workforce developmentPrimary care teams are designed to allow all team members to practice at the “top of their license,” and can continuously work to improve patient care, while reducing individual workloads and burnout.Creating Patient-Centered Team-Based Primary Care13
  • AHRQ = Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality.