Table 1.

Key Terms Related to the Integration of Social Care Into the Delivery of Health Care

Social determinants of healthThe conditions in which people are born, grow, work, live, and age that affect a wide range of health, functional, and quality of life outcomes and risks
Social risk factorsSocial determinants that may be associated with negative health outcomes, such as poor housing or unstable social relationships
Social needsA patient-centered concept that incorporates a person’s perception of his or her own health-related needs
Social careActivities that address health-related social risk factors and social needs
Social servicesServs ices, uch as housing, food, and education, provided by government and private, profit, and nonprofit organizations for the benefit of the community and to promote social well-being
  • Note: Reproduced with permission from the National Academy of Sciences, Courtesy of the National Academies Press, Washington, DC. National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Integrating Social Care into the Delivery of Health Care: Moving Upstream to Improve the Nation’s Health.