Table 1.

Descriptive Statistics for Spirituality Index of Well-Being (SIWB) Scales and Items

Scale or ItemMeanSDSkewnessKurtosis
Note: Item answer options, 1 = strongly disagree; 2 = disagree; 3 = neither agree nor disagree; 4 = agree; 5 = strongly agree.
SIWB - self-efficacy subscale (Items 1–6)24.564.46−1.051.24
SIWB - life scheme subscale (Items 7-12)24.584.97−1.010.68
SIWB - total scale49.148.63−0.990.93
    1. There is not much I can do to help myself.1.630.831.663.33
    2. Often, there is no way I can complete what I have started2.
    3. I can’t begin to understand my problems.1.800.921.311.61
    4. I am overwhelmed when I have personal difficulties and problems.2.341.130.63−0.57
    5. I don’t know how to begin to solve my problems.1.950.971.131.01
    6. There is not much I can do to make a difference in my life.1.680.891.471.85
    7. I haven’t yet found my life’s purpose.−0.27
    8. I don’t know who I am, where I came from or where I am going.1.630.841.623.08
    9. I have a lack of purpose in my life.1.730.941.341.25
    10. In this world, I don’t know where I fit in.1.850.971.160.89
    11. I am far from understanding the meaning of life.1.951.021.040.49
    12. There is a great void in my life at this time.−0.23