Table 1.

The 2 Screening Approaches Used in the Current Study

Screening ApproachPositive Screening Result
Single question
“When was the last time you had more than X drinks in 1 day?” (X = 4 for women and 5 for men)Any time in the past 3 months
CAGE questions
“Have you ever felt that you should cut down on your drinking?”1 or more positive responses
“Have people annoyed you by criticizing your drinking?”
“Have you ever felt bad or guilty about your drinking?”
“Have you ever had a drink first thing in the morning (an eye-opener) to steady your nerves or get rid of a hangover?”