Table 2.

Relative Likelihood (Hazard Ratio) of Having a Myocardial Infarction, Stroke, or Congestive Heart Failure

Characteristics Model 1 (unadjusted)*Hazard Ratio (95% CI)
CI = confidence interval.
*Model 1 is unadjusted. Model 2 is adjusted for age, race, sex, smoking status, body mass index, exercise, total cholesterol level, diabetes, and history of congestive heart failure, myocardial infarction, and stroke at baseline.
Hypertension (>140 mm Hg systolic or >90 mm Hg diastolic)4.96 (4.14–5.94)
Prehypertension (120–139 mm Hg systolic or 80–89 mm Hg diastolic)1.79 (1.43–2.24)
High-normal (130–139 mm Hg systolic or 85–89 mm Hg diastolic)2.13 (1.64–2.76)
Low prehypertension (120–129 mm Hg systolic or 80–84 mm Hg diastolic)1.56 (1.23–1.98)
Normal (<120 mm Hg systolic and <80 mm Hg diastolic)1.00
Model 2 (adjusted)*
Hypertension (>140 mm Hg systolic or >90 mm Hg diastolic)2.37 (1.95–2.89)
Prehypertension (120–139 mm Hg systolic or 80–89 mm Hg diastolic)1.32 (1.05–1.65)
High-normal (130–139 mm Hg systolic or 85–89 mm Hg diastolic)1.42 (1.09–1.84)
Low prehypertension (120–129 mm Hg systolic or 80–84 mm Hg diastolic)1.24 (0.96–1.59)
Normal (<120 mm Hg systolic and <80 mm Hg diastolic)1.00