Table 5.

Mean Annual Premiums by Specialty for States With and Without Hard or Soft Noneconomic Caps, 2000

P Values
SpecialtyStates With Hard Noneconomic Caps* (n = 12) $States With Soft Noneconomic Caps* (n = 8) $States Without Noneconomic Caps (n = 31) $Hard vs Soft CapsHard vs No Caps
Note: P values for soft vs no caps >.1.
* Hard caps = caps without any exceptions; soft caps = caps with exceptions.
† Mann-Whitney U test for hard vs soft caps and hard vs no caps.
Internal medicine5,814.757,432.007,421.74.157.430
General surgery20,653.0825,304.5024,