Table 2.

Patient Disclosure and Patient and Clinician Comfort Level, by Screening Protocol

VariableTotalSelf-ReportMedical Staff InterviewPhysician InterviewP Value
HITS = hurt, insult, threaten, scream; N/A = not applicable; WAST-Short = 2-items of the Woman Abuse Screening Tool.
* Range: not at all comfortable (1) to very comfortable (4).
† Most patients (93.4%) reported being comfortable with the assigned protocol.
‡ Women who disclosed domestic violence and those who did not were similar in perception of helpfulness for screening and comfort with screening across methods; the only exception was those who disclosed domestic violence were slightly less comfortable with medical staff screening (P=.021).
§ Most clinicians (84.5%) were comfortable with the screening methods.
¶ Subgroup analysis indicated that physicians preferred WAST-Short to HITS (P = .043) and self-administered questionnaire to medical staff interview (P=.007).
Patients, No.523173169181
Patient domestic violence disclosure, %
    HITS6.36.45.96.7.959
    WAST-Short12.513.311.812.2.914
    Overall14.214.513.015.0.862
Patient comfort with screening tools, mean, score*
    HITS3.53.53.63.6.434
    WAST-Short3.63.53.63.6.519
    Overall3.53.53.63.6.446
Patient comfort with screening method, mean, score*†‡3.43.43.53.4.656
Patient perception of helpfulness for screening, mean, score3.23.33.13.2.453
Time spent screening, min4.44.84.44.0.100
Clinicians, No.33N/A1419
Clinician comfort with screening methods, mean, score*§
    Self-administered3.4N/A3.23.6.181
    Medical staff3.1N/A3.13.2.801
    Physician3.4N/A3.43.4.788
Clinician comfort with screening tools, mean, score*
    HITS3.1N/A2.83.2.184
    WAST-Short3.3N/A3.03.5.039
    Overall3.1N/A2.93.3.100