Table 4.

Ten Examples of Active Practice-Based Research Network (PBRN) Research at the Time of the Survey

Project TypeProject TitleDescriptionName of PBRN
Health services researchHow community pediatricians use electronic technologyA survey of community pediatricians in a practice-based research network using a self-administered form to describe how they use electronic technology for work-related tasks, level of competence for specific technology-related activities, and interest in learning these skillsWashington University Pediatric/Adolescent Research Consortium
Clinical researchChild self-reporting asthma symptomsAsking the question, “When is it appropriate for children to report for themselves?” this study aims to assess the acceptability, feasibility, and psychometric quality of administering asthma-related quality-of-life questionnaires to childrenCincinnati Pediatric Research Group
Clinical researchPediatricians recognition of maternal depressive symptomsA project examining the factors that influence pediatricians’ recognition of depressive symptoms in mothers with young children. It aims to develop and pilot an intervention that addresses barriers to recognition in the pediatric primary care setting and improve pediatrician’s ability to recognize and refer mothers with depressive symptomsRainbow Research Network
Health services researchDefining patient visits studyA study to learn about patients and problems seen in “typical practice” and to allow for a comparison of data with national survey data and an assessment of the extent to which study practices represent the nation’s pediatric practicesPediatric Research in Office Settings
Prevention researchHow patients decide on prostate cancer screeningEvaluation of shared decision making around prostate cancer screening to determine the effect of viewing a Web page or mailed brochure on prostate cancer screening on the decision-making process between a patient and physicianVirginia Ambulatory Care Outcomes Research Network
Prevention researchMultilevel approaches to colon cancer screeningAn exploratory study designed to investigate the effectiveness of strategies to increase colorectal cancer screening in rural family practices. The primary outcome is the rate of adherence with the US Multi-Society Task Force on Colorectal CancerArkansas Research Collaborative
Prevention researchImproving colorectal cancer (CRC) screening in primary careA study to characterize CRC screening practices across a variety of primary care clinics of a practice-based research network. It will provide information about the relationship between practice characteristics and CRC screening delivery and short-term outcomesOklahoma Physicians Resource/Research Network
Prevention researchOsteoporosis studyA study designed to determine whether chart reminders or patient education information for osteoporosis screening improved discussion and treatment of low bone density in older women. Preliminary analysis shows that chart reminders, but not patient education, improved osteoporosis discussion and screeningIowa Research Network
Health services researchCardiovascular risk education and social supportElaborate on a 3-year study of a practice-based intervention designed to harness the power of social support to improve adherence to prescribed treatments among diabetic patients with the ultimate goal of reducing their risk of heart attack and strokeKentucky Ambulatory Network
Health services researchPractice improvement projectA study to assess the rates of influenza immunization in asthma patients within the primary care practices to (1) identify the organizational and patient barriers to influenza immunization of asthma patients, (2) randomize patients to dissemination of the research findings, and (3) tailor interventions to improve immunization of asthma patientsDuke Primary Care Research Consortium