Table 2.

Item and Composite Scale Correlations with DDS17

Scale Item or Scale TotalCorrelation With DDS17a
DDS = Diabetes Distress Scale; EB = emotion burden; RB = regimen distress. 
 Note: All correlations based on N = 496, P >.001.
a Correlations are φ coefficients.
b From EB and RD subscales.
1. Feeling overwhelmed with the demands of living with diabetes. (EB)b.61
2. Feeling that I am often failing with my diabetes routine. (RD)b.60
3. Not feeling motivated to keep up my diabetes self-management. (RD)b.59
4. Feeling angry, scared, and/or depressed when I think about living with diabetes. (EB)b.56
DDS2: above items 1 and 2.69
DDS3: above items 1, 2, and 3.69
DDS4: above items 1, 2, 3, and 4.71