By taking this new medication for 5 years, you will be 32% less likely to have a heart attack [relative risk] | 85 | 12 | 3 |

By taking this new medication for 5 years, the chances of you having a heart attack will reduce from 23% to 16% [absolute risk, negative framing] | 89 | 11 | 0 |

Fourteen people will need to take this new medication for 5 years for 1 person to be prevented from having a heart attack [number needed to treat] | 67 | 26 | 7 |

The odds of you having a heart attack are 3 to 1 without medication and 5 to 1 if you take the medication for 5 years [odds ratio] | 83 | 15 | 2 |

There are 100 people who have had angina or a heart attack. If they do not take this new medication, then 23 will have a future heart attack and 77 will not. If they all take this new medication for 5 years, then 16 people will have a future heart attack and 7 will be prevented from having a future heart attack [natural frequencies, detailed] | 75 | 22 | 3 |

By taking this medication for 5 years, the chances of you not having a heart attack will increase from 77% to 84% [absolute risk, positive framing] | 80 | 17 | 3 |

Your risk of a heart attack is 23 in 100. If you take this new medication for 5 years, it will be 16 in 100 [natural frequencies, simplified] | 86 | 13 | 1 |

These 2 pictures show in a graph form the risk for 100 people of having a heart attack. The first graph shows the risk over 5 years if the 100 people did not take the new medication. The second graph shows what will happen if all 100 people take this new medication for 5 years to prevent heart attacks [graph] | 86 | 12 | 2 |