Table 4.

Logistic Regression Analysis of the Effects of Physicians Attending Title VII–Funded Training Programs on Participation in the National Health Service Corps Loan Repayment Program (1987–2003)

CharacteristicPCPs Only n=87,558 OR (95% CI)Family Physicians Only n=34,212 OR (95% CI)
CI=confidence interval; HRSA = Health Resources and Services Administration; NHSC = National Health Service Corps; OR = odds ratio; PCPs = primary care physicians (family physicians, general practitioners, general internists, and general pediatricians).
Note: Includes all US physicians who completed residency in 1987 or later. International and Canadian medical school graduates excluded because they are not eligible for NHSC participation. Osteopathic physicians excluded because of insufficient osteopathic residency data in the AMA Masterfile. General practitioners excluded because they generally do not undergo full residency training. Referent group: male, attended public medical school, completed residency after 1999, attended non–Title VII-funded medical school and residency program.
a Statistically significant (P<.03).
b Statistically significant (P<.001).
c Statistically significant (P<.01).
Data source: 2004 AMA Physician Masterfile; HRSA Title VII Training Program grantee database; and HRSA Bureau of the Health Professions NHSC participant database.
Attended Title VII–funded training programs
    Academic unit grant0.96 (0.86–1.08)0.85 (0.73–0.98)a
    Predoctoral grant1.15 (1.02–1.30)a1.17 (0.99–1.38)
    Residency grant1.27 (1.15–1.40)b1.56 (1.37–1.77)b
Attended private medical school1.41 (1.27–1.57)b1.60 (1.39–1.83)b
Female0.91 (0.83–1.00)0.80 (0.70–0.91)c
Year completed residency
    1995–19991.42 (1.24–1.63)b1.38 (1.17–1.63)b
    1990–19941.72 (1.50–1.97)b1.32 (1.10–1.58)c
    1985–19890.74 (0.61–0.90)c0.57 (0.44–0.74)b