Table 1.

Characteristics of Participants by Study Group

CharacteristicHome (n=138)Telephone (n=139)Usual Care (n=138)
CES-D = Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale, 10-item version; EQ-5D = EuroQol-5D; EQ VAS = EuroQol Visual Analog Scale; GH = Medical Outcomes Study 36-item short-form health survey (SF-36) general health subscale; HAQ = Health Assessment Questionnaire; PCS-36 = SF-36 physical component summary score; MCS-36 = SF-36 mental component summary score; PT/PP = pills taken/pills prescribed during the 7 days before data collection.
a Percentages exceed 100 because many participants had more than 1 condition.
Age, years, mean (SD)59.8 (11.2)61.2 (11.6)60.1 (11.7)
Sex, n (%)
    Female108 (78)109 (78)104 (75)
Race/ethnicity, n (%)
    Non-Hispanic White103 (75)110 (79)115 (83)
    Black20 (15)11 (8)15 (11)
    Other14 (9)14 (10)7 (5)
    Declined to answer1 (1)4 (3)1 (1)
Education level, n (%)
    High school or less19 (14)20(14)22 (16)
    Some college53 (38)50 (36)58 (42)
    College graduate or greater66 (47)65 (47)57 (41)
    Declined to answer0 (0)4 (3)1 (1)
Income level, n (%)
    <40,00041 (30)42 (31)44 (32)
    40,000–79,99942 (30)37 (27)43 (31)
    >80,00022 (16)27 (20)22 (16)
    Declined to answer33 (24)33 (24)29 (21)
Married, n (%)79 (57)79 (57)76 (55)
Chronic conditions, n (%)
    155 (40)72 (51)43 (31)
    251 (37)40 (29)65 (47)
    318 (13)21 (15)21 (15)
    >414 (10)6 (4)9 (7)
Self-reported diagnoses, n (%)a
    Arthritis83 (60)73 (52)77 (55)
    Depression59 (43)64 (46)70 (51)
    Diabetes64 (46)50 (36)58 (42)
    Asthma34 (25)25 (18)39 (28)
    Chronic lung disease15 (11)11 (8)17(12)
    Congestive heart failure17 (12)17 (12)14 (10)
Uninsured, n (%)3 (2)5 (4)2 (2)
Baseline status of outcomes, mean score (SD)
    Self-efficacy7.0 (1.8)7.0 (1.7)7.1 (1.8)
    PCS-3633.6 (12.0)33.3 (12.4)34.4 (11.0)
    MCS-3645.6 (14.2)45.3 (13.7)45.8 (13.7)
    GH47.2 (22.0)48.1 (24.9)50.2 (23.2)
    EQ-5D0.74 (0.18)0.73 (0.18)0.75 (0.16)
    EQ VAS64.3 (18.5)66.6 (19.1)68.4 (18.6)
    HAQ0.92 (0.68)0.85 (0.74)0.82 (0.65)
    CES-D9.5 (7.1)9.8 (6.5)9.5 (7.1)