Table 1.

Characteristics of the Primary Care Practices Studied

Participating Primary Care Practices
Small PrivateNonprofit or CHCTeaching
CharacteristicLarge Group Practice APractice BPractice CPractice DPractice EPractice FPractice GPractice H
CCNC = Community Care of North Carolina (Medicaid); CHC = federally qualified community health center; EHR = electronic health record; FM = family medicine; FTE = full-time equivalent; IM = internal medicine; IPIP = Improving Performance in Practice (grant-funded demonstration project); P=pediatrics; PQRI=Physician Quality Reporting Initiative 2007 pilot program (Medicare).
a Community type (by population): rural = <25,000 population; town = 25,000 to 100,000 population; small city = 100,000 to 500,000 population.
b Bridges to Excellence (Blue Cross/Blue Shield of North Carolina).
CommunityaTownTownSmall cityRuralRuralRuralRuralSmall city
Practice typePrivatePrivatePrivatePrivateCHCCHCNonprofitTeaching
Medical specialties representedFM, IMIMPFMFM, IM, PFM, IMFM, IMFM
Clinician FTEs
    Nurse-practitioner or physician’s assistant6.01.501.
    Other personnel FTE36.
Patient insurance, as % of visits
    Private insurance4532403727442856
Medical record typeEHRPaperPaperEHRPaperEHREHREHR
Disease registryNoYesYesNoYesNoNoYes
Information technology specialist on staffYesNoNoNoNoYesNoYes
Reporting program participation
Bridges to ExcellenceYesNoNoNoNoNoYesNo