Outcomes for Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus | Unadjusted Estimate | Estimated Between-Group Odds Ratio or Difference (95% CI) | P Value | |
---|---|---|---|---|
Usual Care (n = 88) | Intervention (n = 92) | |||
Glucose control | ||||
Achieved HbA_{1c} <7%, n (%) | 25 (35.7) | 67 (60.9) | 8.48 (3.24 to 22.2)^{a} | <.001 |
HbA_{1c}, change from baseline, mean (SD) | 0.50 (1.11) | −0.70 (1.32) | −1.20 (−1.56 to 0.84)^{b} | <.001 |
Depression | ||||
Achieved remission (PHQ-9 <5^{c}), n (%) | 27 (30.7) | 54 (58.7) | 6.15 (2.93 to 12.92)^{d} | <.001 |
PHQ-9 score^{c} change from baseline, mean (SD) | −0.29 (5.74) | −2.42 (4.75) | −2.13 (−3.68 to −0.59) | .007 |
HbA_{1c} = glycated hemoglobin; PHQ-9 = 9-item Patient Health Questionnaire; SD = standard deviation.
Estimates, 95% confidence intervals, and P values from the statistical models.
↵a Odds ratio (95% CI) from a logistic regression model.
↵b Mean group difference (95% CI) from a repeated measures linear regression model.
↵c PHQ-9 scored on a range from 0 to 27, where lower scores represent fewer depressive symptoms.
↵d Odds ratio (95% CI) from a repeated measures logistic regression model.