Table 1

Primary Care Physician Behaviors in Provision of Information Around Prostate Cancer or Prostate Cancer Screening: 16 Coded Items

Provision of InformationOverall (N=118) %Control (n=57) %Intervention (n=61) %
Discusses incidence or prevalence of prostate cancer444641
Discusses risk factors for prostate cancer453753
Discusses natural history of prostate cancer535154
Discusses mortality of prostate cancer615369
Discusses controversies of PCS493960
Discusses benefits of PSA testing878887
Discusses problems with accuracy of PCS918893
Discusses other drawbacks of PSA testinga706080
Mentions no screening as an alternativea452663
Mentions rectal examination as an alternative879383
Discusses benefits of rectal examination586354
Discusses drawbacks of rectal examination343236
Discusses benefits of watchful waiting/no screening312141
Discusses drawbacks of watchful waiting/no screening313230
Informs next steps after abnormal PSA test787085
Informs next steps after normal PSA test242622
  • PCS=prostate cancer screening; PSA=prostate-specific antigen.

  • Note: Percentage of physicians who provided information about prostate cancer or prostate cancer screening at least once during an unannounced standardized patient visit.

  • a P <.05.