Table 2

Primary Care Physician Behaviors in Eliciting Patients’ Perspectives About Prostate Cancer or Prostate Cancer Screening: 12 Coded Items

Elicitation of Patient PerspectivesOverall (N=118) %Control (n=57) %Intervention (n=61) %
Asks about patient’s direct previous experience465340
Ask about patient’s family history474054
Asks about patient’s indirect personal experiencea8215
Asks about patient’s knowledge305
Asks about patient’s concerns about having PCAa7212
Solicits concerns about having side effects from test or treatmenta307
Offers opportunities to ask questions131213
Checks patient’s understanding of information251930
Explains why shared decision making is necessary for PCS282134
Elicits patient’s preferred level of involvement in decisions000
Assesses patient’s preferences for receipt of information000
Asks patient his decision342839
  • PCS=prostate cancer screening; PSA=prostate-specific antigen.

  • Note: Percentage of physicians who inquired about their patient’s perspective about prostate cancer or prostate cancer screening at least once during an unannounced standardized patient visit.

  • a P <.05.