Table 3

Adjusted Associations Between Communication Practices and Antibiotic Prescribing for Viral Acute Respiratory Infections

Predictor VariableAdjusted Risk Ratioa95% CIP Value
Communication practices
 Only positive treatment recommendations providedb0.480.24–0.95.04
 Only negative treatment recommendations providedb0.18.02–1.43.11
 Both positive and negative treatment recommendations provided providedb0.150.06–0.40<.0 01
 Contingency plan provided1.660.65–4.23.29
  • a Adjusted for provider sex, parent sex, age, race, ethnicity, education level, annual income, language spoken at home, child sex, age, and health status.

  • b Omitted comparison group = no treatment recommendation provided.