Table 2

Serial Multivariate Adjustment Showing Sleep Apnea as a Risk Factor for Incident Panic Disorder

Adjustment ModelHazard Ratio95% CIP Value
Crude, unadjusted3.162.47–4.02<.001
Model 1a3.172.48–4.04<.001
Model 2b2.622.04–3.37<.001
Model 3c2.471.92–3.17<.001
Model 4d2.211.71–2.86<.001
Model 5e2.171.68–2.81<.001
  • a Adjusted for age, sex.

  • b Adjusted for age, sex, monthly income, urbanization, outpatient visits.

  • c Adjusted for variables in Model 2 plus psychiatric comorbidities.

  • d Adjusted for variables in Model 2 plus all comorbidities in Table 1.

  • e Adjusted for variables in Model 4 plus Charlson comorbidity score.