Table 1

Comparison of Top- and Bottom-Performing Clinicians

CharacteristicTop-Performing Clinicians (n = 10)Bottom-Performing Clinicians (n = 10)
Change in PAM score
Chronic conditions, mean No.b0.60.7
Emergency department visits,c mean No.0.30.3
Hospitalizations,c mean No.0.10.1
 Male, No.37
 Female, No.73
Type of clinician
 Family practitioner, No.75
 Internist, No.12
 Internist/pediatrician, No.12
 Nurse practitioner, No.10
 Physician assistant, No.01
  • PAM = patient activation measure (scores range from 1 to 100, with higher scores indicating greater activation).

  • a Among those having 2 PAM scores.

  • b Diabetes, asthma, hyperlipidemia, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, coronary artery disease, congestive heart failure, and depression.

  • c At Fairview Health Services in the baseline year.