Table 3

Subgroup Analysis of Usual Care Arm, Comparing Those Who Received Post-RCT Coaching vs Those Not Coached

OutcomeUsual Care Arm Participants Coached Post-RCTaUsual Care Arm Participants Not Coached Post-RCT
Baseline12 months24 monthsBaseline12 months24 months
Composite 1, meeting 1 goal, % (No.)010.4 (5)
n = 48
33.3 (16)
n = 48
045.9 (39)
n = 85
48.2 (41)
n = 85
Composite 2, meeting all goals, % (No.)04.2 (2)
n = 48
25.0 (12)
n = 48
035.3 (30)
n = 85
37.7 (32)
n = 85
HbA1c at goal, % (No.)04.0 (1)
n = 25
24.0 (6)
n = 25
055.6 (10)
n = 18
44.4 (8)
n = 18
LDL at goal, % (No.)014.3 (3)
n = 21
38.1 (8)
n = 21
043.2 (16)
n = 37
56.8 (21)
n = 37
SBP at goal, % (No.)06.3 (1)
n = 16
18.8 (3)
n = 16
037.0 (17)
n = 46
32.6 (15)
n = 46
HbA1c, mean (SD), %10.2 (1.3)
n = 25
10.2 (1.8)
n = 25
9.7 (1.8)
n = 25
9.6 (1.5)
n = 18
8.3 (1.6)
n = 18
8.9 (2.1)
n = 18
LDL, mean (SD), mg/dL136.7 (35.2)
n = 21
130.7 (37.2)
n = 21
116.0 (37.1)
n = 21
149.8 (30.1)
n = 37
119.3 (34.3)
n = 37
103.0 (34.8)
n = 37
SBP, mean (SD), mm Hg162.8 (14.5)
n = 16
158.8 (15.9)
n = 16
154.3 (25.8)
n = 16
159.6 (17.3)
n = 46
146.3 (17.8)
n = 46
148.8 (20.2)
n = 46
  • HbA1c = hemoglobin A1c; LDL = low-density lipoprotein; RCT = randomized controlled trial; SBP = systolic blood pressure.

  • a Includes only patients in usual care arm who were out of goal range at 12 months, were offered coaching and accepted, and had clinical measures available at 12 and 24 months.