Table 2

Comparison of Emergency Admissions for ACSC Between Adults With and Without ID

ACSCAdults With IDAdults Without IDaIRR (95% CI)
Admissions, No.Admissions, RatebAdmissions, No.Admissions, Rateb
Angina471.03291.01.00 (0.60–1.68)
Aspiration1523.1250.0785.9 (45.3–162.9)
Asthma911.82330.72.84 (1.99–4.06)
Cellulitis1563.13311.03.31 (2.56–4.28)
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease1052.14541.31.68 (1.04–2.70)
Congestive heart failure440.91560.52.21 (1.44–3.38)
Constipation1282.61420.46.79 (5.17–8.91)
Convulsions/epilepsy1,08121.82560.831.2 (24.6–39.5)
Dehydration and gastroenteritis1412.92240.74.71 (3.60–6.17)
Dental conditions220.4520.22.80 (1.67–4.71)
Diabetes complications611.21400.43.26 (1.90–5.58)
Ear, nose, and throat280.61320.41.42 (0.93–2.17)
Gastroesophageal reflux disease220.4740.22.22 (1.35–3.67)
Iron-deficiency anemia210.4400.13.97 (2.18–7.20)
Nutritional deficiencies0020.01
Pelvic inflammatory disease50.1260.08
Perforated/bleeding ulcer100.2200.063.78 (1.63–8.75)
Pneumonia and other lower respiratory tract infections56611.47722.35.59 (4.85–6.45)
Tuberculosis and other vaccine-preventable conditions10.02110.03
Urinary tract infections3457.05281.54.76 (3.99–5.68)
Total3,03861.34,00711.75.62 (5.14–6.13)
  • ACSC = ambulatory care–sensitive condition; ID = intellectual disability; IRR = incidence rate ratio.

  • Note: Estimates for gangrene, hypertension, influenza, nutritional deficiencies, pelvic inflammatory disease, and tuberculosis and other vaccine-preventable diseases were not generated because of insufficient number of admissions.

  • a Matched on age, sex, and practice.

  • b Admissions per 1,000 adults per year.