Table 2

Characterizing Clinical Population Medicine (CPM) Articles to the CDC Public Health Core Functions and PHAC Essential Functions of Public Health

CDC Core Function and DefinitionCPM Exemplars in This Virtual IssuePHAC Essential Function
  • Monitor health status to identify and solve community health problems

  • Diagnose and investigate health problems and health hazards in the community

Williamson et al, 2014. Validating the 8 CPCSSN case definitions for chronic disease surveillance in a primary care data base of electronic health records9Health Surveillance
Sloane et al, 2006. Syndromic surveillance for emerging infections in office practice using billing data10Health Surveillance
Naessens et al, 2005. Predicting persistently high primary care use11Population Health assessment
Trachtenberg et al, 2014. Inequities in ambulatory care and the relationship between socioeconomic status and respiratory hospitalizations: a population-based study of a Canadian city12Population Health Assessment
Policy Development
  • Inform, educate, and empower people about health issues

  • Mobilize community partnerships to identify and solve health problems

  • Develop policies and plans that support individual and community health efforts

Thom et al, 2013. Impact of peer health coaching on glycemic control in low-income patients with diabetes: a randomized controlled trial13Health Promotion
Mainous et al, 2009. A community intervention to decrease antibiotics used for self-medication among Latino adults14Health Promotion
Rosenblatt, 2005. Ecological change and the future of the human species: can physicians make a difference?15Disease and Injury Prevention
  • Enforce laws and regulations that protect health and ensure safety

  • Link people to needed personal health services and assure the provision of health care when otherwise unavailable

  • Assure competent public and personal health care workforce

  • Evaluate effectiveness, accessibility, and quality of personal and population-based health services

  • Research for new insights and innovative solutions to health problems

Kiran et al, 2014. Effect of payment incentives on cancer screening in Ontario primary care16Disease and Injury Prevention
Roetzheim et al, 2004. A randomized controlled trial to increase cancer screening among attendees of community health centers17Health Protection
Jerant et al, 2012. Primary care attributes and mortality: a national person-level study18Population Health Assessment
  • CDC = Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; PHAC = Public Health Agency of Canada.