Table 1

Key Messages on the Diagnostic Process in Primary Care

• In generalist settings, the problem space of possible problems (diagnoses) is almost infinite.
• Recent research suggests that established descriptions and models do not adequately capture what clinicians do to arrive at a diagnosis.
• Searching the problem space by inductive foraging and triggered routines is emerging as a diagnostic strategy that can be adapted to the generalist setting.
• The patient has a leading role in this collaborative process.